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Round barrow at Round Hill, 400m SSW of Botton Head

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round barrow at Round Hill, 400m SSW of Botton Head

List entry Number: 1014367

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Hambleton

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Bilsdale Midcable

County: North Yorkshire

District: Hambleton

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Ingleby Greenhow

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 24-Oct-1968

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Apr-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 25569

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance this barrow has survived well. Significant information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence of earlier land use will also survive beneath the barrow mound. The monument is part of a group of barrows which are also considered to have represented territorial markers. Similar groups of monuments are known across the west and central areas of the North York Moors. Such groupings of monuments offer important scope for the study of the division of land for social, ritual and agricultural purposes in different geographical areas during the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position on the north edge of the North York Moors. The barrow has an earth and stone mound standing 2m high. It is round in shape and 23m in diameter. The mound was surrounded by a quarry ditch up to 3m wide which has been filled in over the years and is no longer visible as an earthwork. A trench in the north east flank is evidence that the monument was partly excavated in the past. There are many similar barrows in this area of the North York Moors. Many are part of groups, particularly along the watersheds or other prominent locations, which indicates that the barrows, as well as being funerary monuments, also represent territorial markers defining divisions of land. These divisions still remain as some parish or township boundaries. There is a trigonometry point on the west side of the mound which is included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. BAR 104, (1993), 116-122

National Grid Reference: NZ 59433 01592

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1014367 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 17-Nov-2017 at 09:20:45.

End of official listing