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Bowl barrow north of Charleston Bottom, 1100m south east of Chamber's Court

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow north of Charleston Bottom, 1100m south east of Chamber's Court

List entry Number: 1014382

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Wealden

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Cuckmere Valley

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 24-Oct-1968

Date of most recent amendment: 09-May-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12883

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite the limited damage to the barrow mound caused by part excavation, the monument above Charleston Bottom retains significant archaeological potential for the recovery of evidence of the nature and duration of its use and of the environment in which it was constructed. It is located just south of an earlier oval barrow, and illustrates the difference in form between burial mounds over time.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a small bowl barrow which comprises a mound and a surrounding ditch. The mound measures 11m across and stands to a height of 0.4m. The surrounding ditch, which has been partly infilled by soil eroded from the mound, is visible as a hollow 1.5m across around the foot of the mound. The hollow in the summit of the mound indicates that the mound was partly excavated in the 19th century. The diameter of the mound and ditch together is 14m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Darvill, T, Monument Class Description - Bowl barrows, 1988,

National Grid Reference: TQ 53556 00619

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1014382 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 12:20:52.

End of official listing