Three bowl barrows 770m south east of Westmeston Farm, forming part of Western Brow round barrow cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014638

Date first listed: 27-Jan-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Jul-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Three bowl barrows 770m south east of Westmeston Farm, forming part of Western Brow round barrow cemetery
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Lewes (District Authority)

Parish: Westmeston

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TQ 34341 12893

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows are the most numerous form of round barrow and date from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age. Most examples were constructed in the period 2400-1500 BC. They occur across most of lowland Britain and, although superficially similar in appearance, exhibit regional variations of form and a diversity of burial practices. Although they show some signs of disturbance by part excavation, the three bowl barrows 770m south east of Westmeston Farm survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the period in which they were constructed and used.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a linear group of three, west-east aligned bowl barrows forming part of a prehistoric round barrow cemetery which runs from west to east along a ridge of the Sussex Downs. To the west is a barrow with a circular mound c.7m in diameter and 0.4m high, with a central hollow indicating part excavation some time in the past. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide. Situated c.8m to the east is a pair of barrows which lie immediately adjacent to one another. The larger, westerly barrow has a circular mound c.7m in diameter and c.0.3m high, whilst the easterly barrow has a slightly smaller mound c.6m in diameter and c.0.3m high. Each will be associated with a buried quarry ditch c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27056

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
source 2, RCHME, TQ 31 SW 23, (1934)

End of official listing