Three bowl barrows 820m south east of Westmeston Farm, forming part of Western Brow round barrow cemetery


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014640

Date first listed: 27-Jan-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Jul-1996


Ordnance survey map of Three bowl barrows 820m south east of Westmeston Farm, forming part of Western Brow round barrow cemetery
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Lewes (District Authority)

Parish: Westmeston

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TQ 34499 12971


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows are the most numerous form of round barrow and date from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age. Most examples were constructed in the period 2400-1500 BC. They occur across most of lowland Britain and, although superficially similar in appearance, exhibit regional variations of form and a diversity of burial practices. The three bowl barrows 820m south east of Westmeston Farm on Western Brow survive comparatively well and, despite some disturbance caused by part excavation, will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to period in which they were constructed and used.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a group of three bowl barrows forming part of a prehistoric linear round barrow cemetery which runs from west to east along a ridge of the Sussex Downs. The largest barrow of the group lies to the south west and has a circular mound c.9m in diameter and c.0.4m high, surrounded by a ditch from which material used in its construction was excavated. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide. Lying c.2m to the north, the second barrow has a mound c.8m in diameter and c.0.4m high. This has a central hollow, indicating part excavation at some point during the past. The mound will be surrounded by a buried quarry ditch c.2m wide. The third barrow lies c.14m to the south east and also has a mound c.8m in diameter and c.0.4m high, associated with an encircling, buried quarry ditch c.2m high. The modern fence which crosses the southern part of the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27058

Legacy System: RSM


source 2, RCHME, TQ 31 SW 23, (1934)

End of official listing