Bowl barrow forming part of a linear round barrow group on Bostal Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014644

Date first listed: 10-Jul-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow forming part of a linear round barrow group on Bostal Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Wealden (District Authority)

Parish: Alciston

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TQ 49614 04828

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although it has been partly disturbed by modern ploughing and limited antiquarian excavation, the bowl barrow on Bostal Hill survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to its original use and the landscape in which it was constructed. The barrow is part of a linear group of three broadly contemporary round barrows, the other two being the subject of separate schedulings. The round barrow group also forms part of a dispersed round barrow cemetery constructed along the downland ridge during the Bronze Age, illustrating the importance of the area for funerary practices during the later prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow forming part of a linear group of three round barrows situated along a ridge of the Sussex Downs. This location enjoys panoramic views of the Channel coast to the south and the Weald to the north. The barrow has a rougly circular, central mound c.7m in diameter and surviving to a height of up to 0.6m, although it has been reduced to the south west by modern ploughing. A slight central hollow suggests that the mound has been the subject of antiquarian excavation. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has become infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide. The modern fence which crosses the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27041

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Source 2, RCHME, TQ 40 SE 20, (1930)

End of official listing