Bowl barrow on Knowle Hill, 630m north east of St Peter's Church

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014836

Date first listed: 22-Jul-1964

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Dec-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Knowle Hill, 630m north east of St Peter's Church
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1014836 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 10-Dec-2018 at 18:22:19.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: Purbeck (District Authority)

Parish: Church Knowle

National Grid Reference: SY 94574 82328

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow on Knowle Hill, 630m north east of St Peter's Church, survives well and is known from part excavations to contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow 630m north east of St Peter's Church, at the eastern end of Knowle Hill, a chalk ridge of the Isle of Purbeck, overlooking Poole Harbour to the north east. The bowl barrow forms part of a group of three which occur at the eastern end of Knowle Hill. The barrow has a mound composed of earth, flint and chalk, with a maximum diameter of 14m and a maximum height of c.1.2m. This is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. The ditch is visible as an earthwork 4.5m wide and c.0.6m deep. Part excavations conducted by J H Austen in 1861 identified a cremation burial within a cist in association with burnt material and a perforated whetstone. The finds from the excavation are now stored at the Dorset County Museum.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28323

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 442
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 442
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 442

End of official listing