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Bowl barrow on Knowle Hill, 660m north east of St Peter's Church

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow on Knowle Hill, 660m north east of St Peter's Church

List entry Number: 1014837

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: Purbeck

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Church Knowle

County: Dorset

District: Purbeck

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Corfe Castle

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 22-Jul-1964

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Dec-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28324

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow on Knowle Hill, 660m north east of St Peter's Church survives well and is known from part excavation to contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated 660m north east of St Peter's Church on Knowle Hill, a chalk ridge of the Isle of Purbeck, overlooking Poole Harbour to the north east. The bowl barrow forms part of a group of three situated at the eastern end of Knowle Hill. The bowl barrow has a mound composed of earth, flint and chalk, with a maximum diameter of 13m and a maximum height of c.0.7m. This is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. The ditch is visible as an earthwork with dimensions of 1.5m in width and c.0.3m in depth. The ditch is broken by a causeway in the north eastern section. Part excavations were conducted at the site by J H W Austen in 1861 and W H Frend from 1934-5. This demonstrated at least two phases of construction. Initially, a cremation burial and a small two-riveted bronze dagger were laid within a grave covered by a small mound. Later, two inhumation burials (one crouched and one extended) were added and covered by the larger mound and associated quarry ditch which are visible today. Finds of Romano-British pottery sherds and a fragment of a shale armlet have also been discovered within the ditch of the barrow, indicating later reuse.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 442
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 442
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 442
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 442
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 442
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 442

National Grid Reference: SY 94580 82367

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 11-Dec-2017 at 07:36:25.

End of official listing