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Bowl barrow 400m south of Waters Down Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 400m south of Waters Down Farm

List entry Number: 1014863

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Test Valley

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Longstock

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 20-Feb-1968

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Mar-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 26748

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 400m south of Waters Down Farm is, despite the truncation of the western end of the mound and some disturbance by burrowing animals, a well preserved example of its class which exhibits an unusual elongated mound. The barrow will contain archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age burial practices, economy and environment.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, part of linear group containing at least five round barrows which lie on undulating ground to the south of Waters Down Farm. The barrow, which lies on a gentle north west facing slope not far above the bottom of a dry valley, has a slightly elongated mound 23m (east-west) by 22m, orientated ENE-WSW and truncated at its western end by a road. The mound is 1.2m high and the exposed section on the roadside shows it to be constructed of chalk rubble overlying a turf core. The ditch, from which material to construct the mound was quarried, is visible only within the south east corner of the fenced area around the barrow. Here it is 3m wide and has been traced by geophysical survey and probing as a continuous feature in the surrounding field. Although formerly classified by the Ordnance Survey as a `short' long barrow, more recent investigation has shown this example can best be interpreted as a bowl barrow. Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts and the metalled surface of the road, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Royal Commission on Historical Monuments of England, , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1976), xxx

National Grid Reference: SU 33566 37675

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1014863 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 14-Dec-2017 at 12:54:16.

End of official listing