Bowl barrow 280m north east of Beacon Moor Cross, forming part of a round barrow cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015153

Date first listed: 18-Nov-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 280m north east of Beacon Moor Cross, forming part of a round barrow cemetery
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: North Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Chulmleigh

National Grid Reference: SS 69491 16135

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited damage as a result of road construction, the bowl barrow 280m north east of Beacon Moor Cross survives comparatively well and contains archaeological and environmental information relating to the round barrow cemetery and the surrounding landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a bowl barrow situated in a prominent location near the summit of a south east facing ridge overlooking the valley of Huntacott Water. The barrow forms part of a round barrow cemetery which includes at least seven barrows and a ring ditch. This barrow survives as an oval shaped mound measuring 20.1m long north east to south west by 14.1m wide north west to south east and stands up to 0.8m high. The ditch from which material to construct the mound was quarried surrounds the barrow and survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. The north western side of the mound has seen limited damage as a result of a road and ditch being cut through it. Another barrow lying 110m to the south east is the subject of a separate scheduling (SM 28613).

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28612

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS61NE7, (1982)
MPP fieldwork by H. Gerrard, (1995)

End of official listing