Skew Plantation bowl barrow

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015171

Date first listed: 23-Mar-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Nov-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Skew Plantation bowl barrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: West Oxfordshire (District Authority)

Parish: Sarsden

National Grid Reference: SP 30308 22721

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite part reduction by cultivation, the bowl barrow on the edge of Skew Plantation survives as a substantial earthwork and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in which it was built. This is one of three isolated round barrows in the vicinity.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated on the western side of Skew Plantation, 530m north east of Castle Barn Cottages in the parish of Sarsden. The barrow lies on a slight ridge which runs from south to north. The barrow mound survives as a large upstanding earthwork 35m in diameter and up to 1.5m high. The western side of the barrow has been reduced by cultivation to c.0.3m high and this gives the mound the appearance of an oval rather than a circle. Originally surrounding the mound but now only visible at ground level on the northern and eastern sides, was a quarry ditch c.2m wide and c.0.6m deep. This has become largely infilled over the years due to cultivation and the accumulation of leaf litter. However, it survives buried below the modern ground level around the entire circuit of the barrow. There are two further bowl barrows, one c.800m to the north west and the other a similar distance to the south. These are the subject of separate schedulings. Excluded from the scheduling is the post and wire fence which runs across the western side of the barrow, although the land beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28149

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10000 Series Source Date: 1980 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: SP 32 SW

End of official listing