Long barrow at Longbarrow Clump

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015215

Date first listed: 05-Jun-1961

Date of most recent amendment: 03-Jan-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Long barrow at Longbarrow Clump
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Bulford

National Grid Reference: SU 16360 43044

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The long barrow at Longbarrow Clump survives well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a long barrow orientated east-west on a slight north facing slope 250m south of Watergate Farm buildings at Longbarrow Clump. The barrow mound is 47m long, 27m wide and is flanked on both sides by a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. These have become infilled over the years and survive as buried features up to 8m wide. The mound is 2m high at the western end sloping to 1.5m high at the eastern end. The water tank, its support and associated water pipes together with all fence posts, are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28923

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing