Bell barrow 770m north west of New Barn


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015216

Date first listed: 05-Jun-1961

Date of most recent amendment: 03-Jan-1997


Ordnance survey map of Bell barrow 770m north west of New Barn
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Bulford

National Grid Reference: SU 16760 42840

Reasons for Designation

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They occur either in isolation or in round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows (particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance.

The bell barrow 770m north west of New Barn survives well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.


The monument includes a bell barrow located 770m north west of New Barn, south east of Longbarrow Clump on Earls Farm Down. The barrow has a slightly irregular mound, measuring 22m east-west and 20m north-south. The top of the mound is hollowed and flattened, probably as the result of an unrecorded antiquarian excavation, and is 2.5m high on the east side and 2m high on the west. Surrounding the mound is a berm c.3m wide and in places, traces of a quarry ditch visible as a shallow depression. Elsewhere, the ditch will survive as a buried feature 5m wide. The bell barrow therefore has an overall diameter of 38m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28924

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 162

End of official listing