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Bowl barrow 950m SSW of Nettleden Lodge

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 950m SSW of Nettleden Lodge

List entry Number: 1015247

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hertfordshire

District: Dacorum

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Nettleden with Potten End

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 02-Jan-1997

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 27183

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 950m SSW of Nettleden Lodge survives well. The mound will contain funerary remains together with other artifacts and structural evidence, which will provide details concerning the date of the barrow's construction, the duration of its use and the character of prehistoric ritual practice. The former ground surface beneath the mound may retain valuable evidence for activities preceding its construction, and environmental evidence preserved here will provide insights into the appearance of the landscape in which the monument was set. Comparision with other barrows located in the immediate vicinity, and more widely across the Chiltern Hills, will provide valuable information concerning variation and development of prehistoric burial practices, and make a significant contribution to our understanding of prehistoric land use and settlement patterns in the region.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow, located in Great Frithsden Copse 950m SSW of Nettleden Lodge. The barrow occupies an elevated position on a broad ridge in the Chiltern Hills between the upper Bulbourne Valley to the south, and the upper valley of the River Gade to the north. It was discovered by the National Trust during a recent archaeological survey of the Ashridge Estate (which covers much of the spur) and adjacent areas within the upper Bulbourne Valley. There are no prior records of the monument and its appearance suggests it has not been disturbed by antiquarian excavation. The barrow mound is roughly circular in plan and domed in profile, measuring approximately 12m in diameter and 0.7m high. In the absence of any evidence for a surrounding quarry ditch, the mound is thought to have been of `scraped construction', using turf and earth gathered from its surroundings. A second barrow, similar in appearance, lies c.40m to the north east (SM 27184) and two further barrows lie approximately 4km to the north west.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Morris, M, Wainwright, A, 'Chiltern Archaeology Recent Work A Handbook for the next decade' in Iron Age and Romano-British Settlement, Agriculture and Industry, (1995), 72
Other
Bryant, S, Bronze Age Settlement Patterns In The Upper Bulbourne Valley, (1996)

National Grid Reference: TL 00543 09972

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1015247 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 11:46:18.

End of official listing