Bowl barrow on Bunker's Hill, 760m west of Pilgrims' Walk

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015258

Date first listed: 18-Aug-1978

Date of most recent amendment: 05-Mar-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Bunker's Hill, 760m west of Pilgrims' Walk
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Norfolk

District: Breckland (District Authority)

Parish: Weeting-with-Broomhill

National Grid Reference: TL 76859 90935

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 760m west of Pilgrims' Walk survives well and there is no evidence that it has suffered damage other than the limited disturbance caused by the planting of trees. The mound and deposits beneath it and in the fill of the ditch will retain archaeological information concerning the construction of the barrow, the manner and duration of its use, and the local environment at that time. Evidence for earlier land use is also likely to be preserved in soils buried beneath the mound. The monument is the southernmost of five barrows grouped in a north east-south west alignment over a distance of 1km, the nearest of the five being c.162m to the north east. As a group these have additional interest in relation to the prehistoric flint mines of Grimes Graves which lie c.4km to the south east and, together with other barrows preserved in this part of the Breckland region, provide evidence for the study of the general character and development of prehistoric settlement in the area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a natural knoll on top of a north east-south west ridge towards the western side of the Breckland region and the Fen edge. The barrow is visible as an earthen mound, standing to a height of c.2.4m and covering a circular area c.25m in diameter. The mound is encircled by a ditch from which earth was quarried during construction of the barrow. This has become largely infilled but survives as a buried feature marked by a depression up to 5m wide and c.0.3m deep in the ground surface.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21428

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing