Three round barrows 800m south of Belmanbank Gate


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015395

Date first listed: 24-May-1951

Date of most recent amendment: 14-Mar-1997


Ordnance survey map of Three round barrows 800m south of Belmanbank Gate
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Redcar and Cleveland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Guisborough


National Grid Reference: NZ 62510 13186

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance these barrows have survived well. Significant information about the original form of the barrows and the burials placed within them will be preserved. Evidence of earlier land use will also survive beneath the barrow mounds. Together with other barrows in the area, they are thought to also represent territorial markers. Similar groups of monuments are also known across the west and central areas of the North York Moors, providing important insight into burial practice. Such groupings of monuments offer important scope for the study of the prehistoric division of land for social and ritual purposes in different geographical areas.


The monument includes three round barrows situated in a prominent position on the north edge of the North York Moors. The barrows lie in line north to south and are 50m apart. All the barrows have a round shaped earth and stone mound, and each was originally surrounded by a kerb of stones which defined the barrow and supported the mound. However, over time some stones have disappeared or have been buried by soil slipping from the mounds. The northern barrow mound is 14m in diameter and 0.4m high with kerb stones visible on the south side. The central mound is 9m in diameter and 1m high with a kerb of large stones surrounding the mound on the west and south sides. The southern mound is 10m in diameter and up to 0.5m high. Kerb stones were recorded around the mound in 1977. The centre of the southern barrow mound has been substantially excavated to house modern shelters, now demolished. The barrows lie in an area rich in prehistoric monuments, including further barrows, field systems and clearance cairns.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28261

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, (1993), 92-122
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, (1993), 92-122

End of official listing