Round barrow 340m south west of Belmanbank Gate

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015396

Date first listed: 20-Mar-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow 340m south west of Belmanbank Gate
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Redcar and Cleveland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Guisborough

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: NZ 62148 13898

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

This barrow has survived well so significant information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence of earlier land use will also survive beneath the barrow mound. Together with other barrows in the area it is thought to also represent a territorial marker. Similar groups of monuments are also known across the west and central areas of the North York Moors, providing important insight into burial practice. Such groupings of monuments offer important scope for the prehistoric study of the division of land for social and ritual purposes in different geographical areas.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated on the north edge of the North York Moors. The barrow has an earth and stone mound standing 0.7m high. It is round in shape and 10m in diameter. It was originally surrounded by a kerb of stones which defined the barrow and supported the mound. No stones are now visible, however, as over the years they have either been removed or have been buried by soil slipping from the mound. The barrow lies in an area rich in prehistoric monuments, including further barrows, field systems and clearance cairns.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28262

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. BAR 104, (1993), 92-122

End of official listing