Socket stone at Turkdean Manor

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015597

Date first listed: 18-Oct-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Socket stone at Turkdean Manor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Cotswold (District Authority)

Parish: Turkdean

National Grid Reference: SP 10820 17647

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the `Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

Despite a number of elements of the cross being missing, the socket stone at Turkdean Manor survives in what is likely to be its original location. Its position marks the site of the village cross and part of the old village of Turkdean.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the socket of a cross in the grounds of Turkdean Manor. The socket stone is set into the earth, and is surmounted by a modern octagonal capping, shaft and sundial. The socket stone is octagonal, each side measuring 0.4m across, and with a total diameter of 0.9m. It is 0.2m high. It is thought that some of the manor buildings encompass the old village of Turkdean, and that the socket stone is in situ and part of the village cross. The modern octagonal capping, shaft and sundial are excluded from the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28807

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Gloucestershire County Council, Gloucestershire County Council SMR,

End of official listing