Linear group of three bowl barrows immediately east of Kithurst Hill car park: part of a dispersed round barrow cemetery on Kithurst Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015709

Date first listed: 10-Jul-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Linear group of three bowl barrows immediately east of Kithurst Hill car park: part of a dispersed round barrow cemetery on Kithurst Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1015709 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 21-Oct-2018 at 13:44:04.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Horsham (District Authority)

Parish: Storrington and Sullington

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TQ 07196 12479

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows are the most numerous form of round barrow and comprise hemispherical, sometimes ditched earthen or rubble mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most examples were constructed during the Early Bronze Age, between 2400-1500BC. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have been destroyed), occuring across most of lowland Britain. This linear group of three bowl barrows immediately east of Kithurst Hill car park survives comparatively well, despite some subsequent disturbance, and will retain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the construction and use of the monument. The barrows form part of a dispersed group of broadly contemporary monuments situated along the ridge, providing important evidence for the relationship between burial practices, settlement and land division in this area of downland during the later prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a linear group of three closely-spaced, east-west aligned bowl barrows situated along a chalk ridge which forms part of the Sussex Downs. The barrows, which records suggest have been partly levelled by past ploughing, are part of a group of 13 constructed along this part of the ridge, forming a dispersed, linear round barrrow cemetery. The largest barrow of the three lies to the west and survives as a circular mound c.11m in diameter and up to c.0.4m high. The central and eastern barrows have mounds c.9m in diameter and up to c.0.3m high. Surrounding the mounds are ditches from which material used to construct the barrows was excavated. Long term use of the track which runs along the ridge has destroyed the northern edge of the barrow ditches, and this area is therefore not included in the scheduling. Elsewhere, the ditches will survive as now infilled, buried features up to c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 29262

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing