Two round barrows in Chaddenwick Furze

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015945

Date first listed: 14-May-1956

Date of most recent amendment: 17-Apr-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two round barrows in Chaddenwick Furze
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Mere

National Grid Reference: ST 84647 34317, ST 85126 34493

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrows in Chaddenwick Furze are, despite erosion caused by cultivation, comparatively well preserved examples of their class and will contain archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age beliefs, economy and environment.



History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which lies within two areas, includes two round barrows approximately 500m apart on a gentle north east facing slope known as Chaddenwick Furze. The most westerly barrow, which lies immediately below the crest of a ridge, includes a mound approximately 25m in diameter and a maximum of 0.8m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. This has become infilled but will survive as a buried feature 3m wide. In the first decade of the 19th century the barrow was partly excavated by Sir Richard Colt Hoare who found a Bronze Age urn and evidence of burning. The easterly barrow, which lies on a slope immediately above a small dry valley, has been considerably reduced by cultivation but is visible as a low mound approximately 18m in diameter. This is also surrounded by an infilled quarry ditch which was excavated, without result, by Colt Hoare.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 26836

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing