Long barrow and adjoining bowl barrow, 250m south of Martin's Clump

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015981

Date first listed: 24-Feb-1971

Date of most recent amendment: 28-Jan-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Long barrow and adjoining bowl barrow, 250m south of Martin's Clump
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Test Valley (District Authority)

Parish: Over Wallop

National Grid Reference: SU 25050 38452

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

Few ovate long barrows survive nationally and the significance of this example is increased by its association with a bowl barrow. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the late Neolithic period to the late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally occurring across most of lowland Britain, providing information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst Bronze Age communities.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a long barrow and an adjoining bowl barrow set on a gentle south-east facing slope 250m south of Martin's Clump. The long barrow is orientated NNE-SSW and is ovoid in plan with the broader end to the NNE. It is 36m long and about 27m wide at the centre where it stands to a height of 2m above the ditches. The ditches, from which mound material was quarried, survive to a maximum width of 4m and average 0.5m deep. A small bowl barrow adjoins the NW ditch of the long barrow. It has a maximum diameter of 10m and survives to a height of 0.25m. Although no longer visible at ground level, a quarry ditch surrounded the barrow mound on all but the eastern side where it abuts the long barrow. This survives as a buried feature having infilled over the years.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12086

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979)

End of official listing