Long barrow 400m south of Sanctuary Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015983

Date first listed: 29-Apr-1960

Date of most recent amendment: 17-Oct-1990


Ordnance survey map of Long barrow 400m south of Sanctuary Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Winchester (District Authority)

Parish: South Wonston

National Grid Reference: SU 47412 36116


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and one of the most significant concentrations of monuments of this type in the country. This example is regarded as important as, despite some localised damage, it survives particularly well and is one of four long barrows in the immediate area. Such groups rarely survive.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a long barrow situated in private gardens just below the crest of a gentle south-east facing slope. The mound is well-preserved under rough vegetation and lawn, although to the east end it has been disturbed by an irregular hole, partly infilled, and by a sunken air-raid shelter. The mound is orientated ENE-WSW and is rectangular in plan. It is 94m long, 20m wide and survives to a height of 2m at the east end and 1.4m at the west end. The mound is flanked to the north and south by quarry ditches. These are not visible as surface features except in the arable field to the north of the mound where they survive to a depth of 0.2m and appear as areas of darker earth. Elsewhere they are known to survive below ground to a width of c.5m. The sheds and garages at the west end of the mound are excluded from the monument although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12092

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979), 64-5

End of official listing