Enclosure and field system on the north side of Cheverton Down, immediately east of Rowborough Bottom

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016006

Date first listed: 06-Aug-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Enclosure and field system on the north side of Cheverton Down, immediately east of Rowborough Bottom
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Oct-2018 at 13:37:31.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Shorwell

National Grid Reference: SZ 44857 84606

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Earthen enclosures occur throught the country, the intensity of their distribution determined by local topography and the nature of the agricultural system prevalent within the region. They provide evidence of land use and agricultural practices in both the prehistoric and historic period and were a common feature of the countryside. They were constructed as stock pens or as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to provide temporary accommodation for stock, farmers or herdsmen. The size and form of enclosures may vary considerably depending on their particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and their relationship to other monuments classes, including field systems, provide information on the diversity and social organisation of farming practices throughout the period of their use. The enclosure on Cheverton Down is a well preserved example of its class and will contain archaeological deposits providing information about past land use, ecomnomy and environment. The associated field system is also well preserved and, in its relationship with the enclosure, which may have provided a settlement or agricultural focus, is of importance in understanding the character and development of downland agriculture.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes an earthwork enclosure and field system lying on the northern slope of Cheverton Down immediately south of Fern Bottom. The rectangular earthwork enclosure, the longer sides of which are aligned NNW-SSE, lies within the eastern part of an extensive field system. The lower part of the field system is defined by a substantial lynchet which, within the area of the monument, is associated with additional cross slope lynchets and downslope banks. These, together with some substantial but more dispersed sections of bank, define an extensive area of enclosure for cultivation. The lower lynchet extends beyond the eastern and western limits of the monument but, in these areas it is unassociated with any further recorded elements of field system and is not included within the scheduling. All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 26842

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing