Medieval enclosure in Newbarn Combe, 900m south east of Newbarn Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016007

Date first listed: 15-Oct-1997


Ordnance survey map of Medieval enclosure in Newbarn Combe, 900m south east of Newbarn Farm
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Jan-2019 at 14:21:48.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Calbourne

National Grid Reference: SZ 43554 86196


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Earthen enclosures occur throughout the country, the intensity of their distribution determined by local topography and the nature of the agricultural system prevalent within the region. They provide evidence of land use and agricultural practices in both the prehistoric and historic period and were a common feature of the medieval countryside. They were constructed as stock pens or as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to provide temporary accommodation for stock, farmers or herdsmen. The size and form of enclosures may vary considerably depending on their particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and their relationship to other monument classes, including field systems, provide information on the diversity and social organisation of farming practices throughout the period of their use. The enclosure south of Little Down is a well preserved example of its class and has been demonstrated, by part excavation, to contain archaeological deposits providing information about medieval and earlier land use, environment and economy.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a rectangular earthwork enclosure lying on the floor and lower slopes of Newbarn Combe immediately south of Little Down. The earthwork, the longer sides of which are aligned north west-south east, includes a bank with an external ditch and encloses an area of approximately 0.5ha. A possible original entrance lies on the north east side. Within the enclosed area lie a small nearly square earthwork enclosure and, placed centrally on the base of the combe, a circular pond, now concrete lined. Excavations by P G Stone in 1910 provided evidence for a medieval date for the enclosure and suggested that, in the 18th century, a barn had stood within the small inner earthwork enclosure. Excavations by M J Allen in 1990 provided evidence for the environmental history of the monument. All fence posts and the concrete pond lining are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 26844

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Allen, M G, The Land Use History of the Southern English Chalklands, (1994), 169-182
Stone, P G, 'Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries: Second Series' in Calbourne Valley; Newbarn Little Down, , Vol. Vol 24, (1912), 66-68

End of official listing