Chambered stone dwelling 560m south west of Tibbett's Lookout, Lundy

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016016

Date first listed: 17-Jun-1970

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Jun-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Chambered stone dwelling 560m south west of Tibbett's Lookout, Lundy
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge (District Authority)

National Grid Reference: SS 13281 46136

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Lundy is a small, steep sided island in the Bristol Channel, 16m north of Hartland Point, north Devon. Aligned north-south, it is 6km long by 1km wide and supports a predominately moorland vegetation. The 100m high cliffs and tabular form give it a striking appearance, visible in clear weather from parts of south west England and south Wales. Lundy's remoteness and (until the 19th century construction of the Beach Road) its inaccessibility, combined with a lack of shelter and cultivable soils, has meant that it has escaped more recent occupation or development. It therefore preserves a remarkable variety of archaeological sites from early prehistory (c.8000 BC) onwards, representing evidence for habitation, fortification, farming and industry. There are also archaeological remains in the waters surrounding the island - over 150 shipwrecks are already recorded. Most of the island's archaeology is well documented from detailed survey in the 1980s and 1990s.

The stone built settlement on the western cliffs of Lundy has similarities with Iron Age examples in Cornwall and Neolithic structures in northern Britain. No dating evidence has, however, been recovered from the site, and it is the only one of its type on Lundy. The structure exhibits good survival and high potential for the recovery of significant archaeological remains. These will provide evidence for the construction and use of the monument and the environmental conditions prevalent at the time.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes an enclosed chambered dwelling site on the cliff top above Jenny's Cove 560m south west of Tibbett's Lookout. There is a natural spring 20m to the south and the enclosed area is tucked under a rock outcrop. The settlement was partially excavated in 1967. This revealed an enclosure 16m in diameter with an outer wall of granite orthostats filled with rubble and approximately 3m thick on the west, south and south east sides. A sheltered entrance is formed by a gap on the east side. Within this enclosure there are two chambers which may originally have had corbelled roofs. The larger chamber has interior dimensions of 8m by 3m whilst the smaller chamber is 2m in diameter internally. No finds were recorded. The type of building is not found elsewhere on the island. The remains may be of an Iron Age hut or small farmhouse or, as the excavator thought, a house comparable to a Neolithic black house as found in the Hebrides.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27635

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Gardner, K, (1968)
Sheet 264, Nat. Trust Survey Field data sheet, (1991)
Thackray, D, (1996)

End of official listing