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Quarry infirmary and surgery, 220m north west of Quarterwall Cottages, Lundy

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Quarry infirmary and surgery, 220m north west of Quarterwall Cottages, Lundy

List entry Number: 1016026

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge

District Type: District Authority

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Jun-1998

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 30353

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Lundy is a small, steep sided island in the Bristol Channel, 16m north of Hartland Point, north Devon. Aligned north-south, it is 6km long by 1km wide and supports a predominately moorland vegetation. The 100m high cliffs and tabular form give it a striking appearance, visible in clear weather from parts of south west England and south Wales. Lundy's remoteness and (until the 19th century construction of the Beach Road) its inaccessibility, combined with a lack of shelter and cultivable soils, has meant that it has escaped more recent occupation or development. It therefore preserves a remarkable variety of archaeological sites from early prehistory (c.8000 BC) onwards, representing evidence for habitation, fortification, farming and industry. There are also archaeological remains in the waters surrounding the island - over 150 shipwrecks are already recorded. Most of the island's archaeology is well documented from detailed survey in the 1980s and 1990s.

The extraction of stone for various purposes has been practised in England during most periods from the Neolithic onwards. The exploitation of granite is comparatively recent, with its resistence to impact and weathering being its main virtue. Used for buildings and, in the 20th century, roads, the granite quarries of the south west are of particular note. The infirmary and surgery survive well as an integral part of this quarry complex. Together with the quarry, they provide sufficient detail to enable precise reconstruction of the workings of a stone quarrying operation during the late 19th century.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two buildings which functioned as an infirmary and surgery for the workers at the Lundy Granite Company's quarry on the east side of Lundy. The quarry was active between 1863 and 1868 when the business went into receivership. The buildings are located in an earlier enclosure which has the remains of a small building of medieval date on the northern side. The enclosure was reused as a garden and there is a well between the infirmary and the surgery. The infirmary building is a ruin surviving up to the eaves. It has two interior divisions and a fireplace. Some 25m to the east is a small ruin which was the surgery. This building is now visible in the form of earthen banks. The buildings were constructed in an earlier enclosure of which the northern side survives as a stone revetted turf bank. In places this wall is only a line of orthostats. The wall once contained a ploughed field and narrow ridge and furrow survives in the northern half. On the north side and placed in the line of the wall are the remains of a small medieval house which remains visible as an earthwork which measures 10m by 8m. The enclosure was reused as a garden area for the infirmary. The upper main incline for the quarry comes to the top of the cliff and meets the enclosure wall in its south east corner. The monument is associated with the quarry and the two blocks of ruined cottages to the south. Each of these features is the subject of a separate scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Langham, A, 'The Lundy Island Chronical' in The Lundy Island Chronical, (1986), 8

National Grid Reference: SS 13702 45141

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016026 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Dec-2017 at 01:26:24.

End of official listing