Quarry infirmary and surgery, 220m north west of Quarterwall Cottages, Lundy


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016026

Date first listed: 10-Jun-1998


Ordnance survey map of Quarry infirmary and surgery, 220m north west of Quarterwall Cottages, Lundy
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2018 at 09:22:55.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge (District Authority)

National Grid Reference: SS 13702 45141


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Lundy is a small, steep sided island in the Bristol Channel, 16m north of Hartland Point, north Devon. Aligned north-south, it is 6km long by 1km wide and supports a predominately moorland vegetation. The 100m high cliffs and tabular form give it a striking appearance, visible in clear weather from parts of south west England and south Wales. Lundy's remoteness and (until the 19th century construction of the Beach Road) its inaccessibility, combined with a lack of shelter and cultivable soils, has meant that it has escaped more recent occupation or development. It therefore preserves a remarkable variety of archaeological sites from early prehistory (c.8000 BC) onwards, representing evidence for habitation, fortification, farming and industry. There are also archaeological remains in the waters surrounding the island - over 150 shipwrecks are already recorded. Most of the island's archaeology is well documented from detailed survey in the 1980s and 1990s.

The extraction of stone for various purposes has been practised in England during most periods from the Neolithic onwards. The exploitation of granite is comparatively recent, with its resistence to impact and weathering being its main virtue. Used for buildings and, in the 20th century, roads, the granite quarries of the south west are of particular note. The infirmary and surgery survive well as an integral part of this quarry complex. Together with the quarry, they provide sufficient detail to enable precise reconstruction of the workings of a stone quarrying operation during the late 19th century.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes two buildings which functioned as an infirmary and surgery for the workers at the Lundy Granite Company's quarry on the east side of Lundy. The quarry was active between 1863 and 1868 when the business went into receivership. The buildings are located in an earlier enclosure which has the remains of a small building of medieval date on the northern side. The enclosure was reused as a garden and there is a well between the infirmary and the surgery. The infirmary building is a ruin surviving up to the eaves. It has two interior divisions and a fireplace. Some 25m to the east is a small ruin which was the surgery. This building is now visible in the form of earthen banks. The buildings were constructed in an earlier enclosure of which the northern side survives as a stone revetted turf bank. In places this wall is only a line of orthostats. The wall once contained a ploughed field and narrow ridge and furrow survives in the northern half. On the north side and placed in the line of the wall are the remains of a small medieval house which remains visible as an earthwork which measures 10m by 8m. The enclosure was reused as a garden area for the infirmary. The upper main incline for the quarry comes to the top of the cliff and meets the enclosure wall in its south east corner. The monument is associated with the quarry and the two blocks of ruined cottages to the south. Each of these features is the subject of a separate scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 30353

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Langham, A, 'The Lundy Island Chronical' in The Lundy Island Chronical, (1986), 8

End of official listing