Lenwood bowl barrow, 50m south east of Lenwood Cottage

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1016212
Date first listed:
01-Feb-1953
Date of most recent amendment:
24-Oct-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Lenwood bowl barrow, 50m south east of Lenwood Cottage
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Devon
District:
Torridge (District Authority)
Parish:
Northam
National Grid Reference:
SS 44115 28137

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Lenwood bowl barrow survives comparatively well and contains archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and its surrounding landscape.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated in an elevated position with commanding views over Bideford. The barrow survives as a 24m diameter circular mound standing up to 1.2m high. On the summit of the mound a circular bank has been constructed which has an internal diameter of 7.6m and measures up to 3.2m wide by 0.7m high externally and 0.3m high internally. It is possible that the bank was constructed to support a stand of conifers. The ditch which surrounds the mound from which material for its construction was derived is preserved as a 2m wide buried feature. On the southern side a flattened area up to 2.9m wide confirms the presence of the ditch. A small electricity pylon which cuts into the edge of the surrounding ditch is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
30315
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS42NW3,

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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