Bowl barrow at Codden Beacon

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016229

Date first listed: 21-Oct-1968

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Aug-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow at Codden Beacon
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: North Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Bishop's Tawton

National Grid Reference: SS 58238 29563

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Codden Beacon bowl barrow survives comparatively well and contains archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and the surrounding landscape. This barrow is a prominent feature in the landscape, which is reflected in its use as a memorial.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow with a later, 20th century, memorial. It is situated on a high upland ridge with commanding views across the valley of the River Taw and is highly visible from the north and south. Views from the barrow extend to Dartmoor, Exmoor and to the sea beyond Barnstaple. The monument survives as a 17.4m diameter circular mound standing up to 1.6m high. The surrounding ditch from which material to construct the mound was derived measures from 2.9m wide on the western side to 3.4m wide on the northern side, and is between 0.1m and 0.2m deep. The ditch has been cut on the southern side by the construction of a 2.5m wide, 1m deep ditch with a stone built ha-ha. The top of the mound was partly cut to facilitate the construction of a stone memorial. A circular paved plinth lies on top of the mound and this is 6.3m in diameter. Above is a stone pillar dedicated to Caroline Thorpe, late wife of the Right Honourable Jeremy Thorpe MP, and a tablet indicates its dedication by the Archbishop of Canterbury and Bishop of Crediton in 1971. The pillar itself is 3.5m high. On the western side of the mound a memorial stone bench was inserted which has cut the mound slightly on this side. There is also a paved area in front of the seat. This was erected in the 1970s and is dedicated to Stanley J H Verney R.A.F.V.R. 1918-1943. The bench, paved plinth and paved area are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 30306

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS52NE3,

End of official listing