Two bowl barrows 680m north of Upper Herdswick Farm, Barbury Down

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016356

Date first listed: 23-May-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Dec-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows 680m north of Upper Herdswick Farm, Barbury Down
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Swindon (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Wroughton

National Grid Reference: SU 15789 76666

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two bowl barrows located 680m north of Upper Herdswick Farm will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows located 680m north of Upper Herdswick Farm below the downland escarpment of Barbury Down. The barrows are situated on a low crest and are aligned north to south. The mound of the northern barrow is 0.7m high and 28m in diameter and the mound of the southern barrow is 0.5m high and 26m in diameter. Both mounds are surrounded by ditches which intersect and from which material was quarried during their construction. These have become infilled over the years and survive as buried features visible on aerial photographs from which the overall diameter of the northern barrow can be calculated to be 35m and the overall diameter of the southern barrow 32m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28948

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other

End of official listing