Two Highworth circles 250m and 325m north of Eastrop Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016385

Date first listed: 08-Sep-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 29-Jan-1998


Ordnance survey map of Two Highworth circles 250m and 325m north of Eastrop Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016385 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 18-Jan-2019 at 15:39:43.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Swindon (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Highworth

National Grid Reference: SU 21470 93164, SU 21535 93063


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Highworth circles are a type of earthwork enclosure found mostly in north east Wiltshire, with a few outliers north of the Thames in Oxfordshire. Although they are known as `circles' their form varies from circular or sub-circular, with diameters of between 40m and 90m, to sub-rectangular. All have a wide flat bottomed ditch with an external bank. Despite limited fieldwork and excavation their date remains uncertain. Although sharing characteristics with henge monuments of Neolithic date, Highworth circles, located almost entirely within the Hundred of Highworth, may be suggested as being of medieval date, possibly constructed for stock management. Over 40 examples have been recorded, many of them reduced by modern cultivation. All examples exhibiting significant survival of archaeological remains will normally be identified as nationally important. The two Highworth circles 250m and 325m north of Eastrop Farm survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument, which lies in two areas of protection, includes two earthwork enclosures known as Highworth circles, located 250m and 325m north of Eastrop Farm. The enclosures are aligned approximately north-south. The northernmost enclosure is sub-rectangular in plan with rounded corners, 103m long, 105m wide and includes a ditch, surrounded by an outer bank 11.5m wide and 0.75m high. The enclosure to the south is oblong in plan with rounded corners, 72m long and 56m wide. The ditch is 6m wide, up to 0.5m deep, and is surrounded by a bank 7.5m wide and 0.5m high. All fence posts and water troughs are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28968

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing