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Four Highworth circles 150m north east of Pickett's Copse

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Four Highworth circles 150m north east of Pickett's Copse

List entry Number: 1016386

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Swindon

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Highworth

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 03-Sep-1968

Date of most recent amendment: 28-Jan-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28969

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Highworth circles are a type of earthwork enclosure found mostly in north east Wiltshire, with a few outliers north of the Thames in Oxfordshire. Although they are known as `circles' their form varies from circular or sub-circular with diameters of between 40 and 90m, to sub-rectangular. All have a wide flat bottomed ditch with an external bank. Despite limited fieldwork and excavation their date remians uncertain. Although sharing characteristics with henge monuments of Neolithic date, Highworth Circles, located almost entirely within the Hundred of Highworth, may be suggested as being of medieval date, possibly constructed for stock management. Over 40 examples have been recorded, many of them reduced by modern cultivation. All examples exhibiting significant survival of archaeological remains will normally be identified as nationally important. Despite surviving incompletely the four Highworth circles 150m north east of Pickett's Copse are known from excavation to contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes four earthwork enclosures known as Highworth circles located 150m north east of Pickett's Copse. The site occupies the crest of a slope in gently undulating ground on the north eastern outskirts of Swindon. The four contiguous enclosures are approximately circular and survive partly as low earthworks which include a ditch surrounded by an outer bank. The overall diameter of the four enclosures can be calculated from surviving earthworks and from aerial photographic evidence as varying between 46m and 62m. An excavation carried out in 1969 of the area where the four enclosures intersect produced medieval pottery and evidence indicating that they were not contemporary.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SU 19929 90681

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 09:47:38.

End of official listing