Four Highworth circles 150m north east of Pickett's Copse

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1016386
Date first listed:
03-Sep-1968
Date of most recent amendment:
28-Jan-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Four Highworth circles 150m north east of Pickett's Copse
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016386 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 22-Jul-2019 at 03:01:41.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Swindon (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Highworth
National Grid Reference:
SU 19929 90681

Reasons for Designation

Highworth circles are a type of earthwork enclosure found mostly in north east Wiltshire,with a few outliers north of the Thames in Oxfordshire.Although they are known as `circles' their form varies from circular or sub-circular with diameters of between 40 and 90m,to sub-rectangular.All have a wide flat bottomed ditch with an external bank.Despite limited fieldwork and excavation their date remains uncertain. Although sharing characteristics with henge monuments of Neolithic date,Highworth Circles,located almost entirely within the Hundred of Highworth,may be suggested as being of medieval date,possibly constructed for stock management.Over 40 examples have been recorded,many of them reduced by modern cultivation.All examples exhibiting significant survival of archaeological remains will normally be identified as nationally important.Despite surviving incompletely the four Highworth circles 150m north east of Pickett's Copse are known from excavation to contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Details

The monument includes four earthwork enclosures known as Highworth circles located 150m north east of Pickett's Copse.The site occupies the crest of a slope in gently undulating ground on the north eastern outskirts of Swindon.The four contiguous enclosures are approximately circular and survive partly as low earthworks which include a ditch surrounded by an outer bank.The overall diameter of the four enclosures can be calculated from surviving earthworks and from aerial photographic evidence as varying between 46m and 62m.An excavation carried out in 1969 of the area where the four enclosures intersect produced medieval pottery and evidence indicating that they were not contemporary.MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
28969
Legacy System:
RSM

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

Your Contributions

Do you know more about this entry?

The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure.

The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. Please see our terms and conditions. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected].