Bowl barrow 900m south east of Chideock Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016431

Date first listed: 19-Mar-1968

Date of most recent amendment: 19-Mar-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 900m south east of Chideock Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: Purbeck (District Authority)

Parish: Chaldon Herring

County: Dorset

District: Purbeck (District Authority)

Parish: West Lulworth

National Grid Reference: SY 80069 81117

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial reduction of the mound by ploughing, the bowl barrow 900m south east of Chideock Farm survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated below the crest of a ridge overlooking St Oswald's Bay to the south. The barrow was recorded by the Ordnance Survey in 1903, L V Grinsell in 1959 and by The Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments (England) in 1970. It included a mound composed of earth and chalk with maximum dimensions of 25m in diameter and about 1.7m high. During the 1950s and 1960s the northern area of the barrow was subject to ploughing and, as a result, this part of the mound has been reduced. The barrow mound is now visible as an earthwork 25m from east to west, 14m from north to south and about 1.25m in height. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the years, but will survive as a buried feature 2.5m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31915

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 446
Grinsell, L V, 'Procs Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Soc.' in Dorset Barrows, (1959), 140
Other
Mention OS 1903 map,

End of official listing