Twin bowl barrow 325m south east of the Club House on Petersfield Heath Common, part of the Petersfield Heath Group

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016453

Date first listed: 18-Jul-1932

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Feb-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Twin bowl barrow 325m south east of the Club House on Petersfield Heath Common, part of the Petersfield Heath Group
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016453 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 11-Dec-2018 at 13:11:25.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: East Hampshire (District Authority)

Parish: Petersfield

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: SU 75765 22946

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows are the most numerous form of round barrow and date from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500BC. The twin bowl barrow on Petersfield Heath Common 325m south east of the Club House survives reasonably well despite some later disturbance by rabbits and tree roots and the modern use of the area as a public recreation ground. This and the other barrows in the group can be expected to retain important archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the environment in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a twin bowl barrow of Late Neolithic to Bronze Age date situated on low lying ground at the eastern edge of Petersfield Heath Common. It forms part of a round barrow cemetery east of Heath Pond, known as the Petersfield Heath Group. Now comprising 21 barrows, a first edition Ordnance Survey map dated to 1810 indicates that this round barrow cemetery was formerly more extensive, including further barrows situated to the north and east, now destroyed by modern housing. The twin barrow is oval shaped, oriented north-south, and measures approximately 40m by 25m in diameter. It includes two, overlapping central mounds. The southern mound stands about 1m high; the northern mound is slightly lower and stands about 0.7m high. The barrow has been lowered and spread by later tree-fall damage. Although no longer visible at ground level a ditch, from which material was taken for the barrow's construction, will surround the mound. This has become infilled over the years but will survive as a buried feature approximately 2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32533

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14, (1939)

End of official listing