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Bowl barrow 490m south of the Club House on Petersfield Heath Common, part of the Petersfield Heath Group

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 490m south of the Club House on Petersfield Heath Common, part of the Petersfield Heath Group

List entry Number: 1016459

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: East Hampshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Petersfield

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 18-Jul-1932

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Feb-1999

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 32539

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows are the most numerous form of round barrow and date from teh Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples falling between 2400-1500BC. The bowl barrow on Petersfield Heath Common 490m south of the Club House survives reasonably well despite some later disturbance by tree roots and the modern use of the area as a public recreation ground. This and the other barrows in the group can be expected to retain important archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the environment in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow of Late Neolithic to Bronze Age date situated on low lying ground on Petersfield Heath Common, 8m east of Heath Pond. It forms part of a round barrow cemetery situated east of Heath Pond, known as the Petersfield Heath Group. Now comprising 21 barrows, a first edition Ordnance Survey map dated to 1810 indicates that this cemetery was formerly more extensive, including further barrows situated to the north and east, now destroyed by modern housing. The barrow includes a flat-topped mound, roughly circular in shape, which stands approximately 0.6m high and is 25m in diameter. There is no visible trace of an outer quarry ditch, although this will survive as an approximately 2m wide buried feature. The monument has been irregularly lowered and spread by tree growth and by a modern footpath which crosses the barrow. An iron post and rail fence which crosses the west side of the barrow, a bench set on concrete posts beside the barrow and a gravelled footpath where they fall within the barrow's protective margin are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14, (1939)

National Grid Reference: SU 75468 22690

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016459 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 11:20:43.

End of official listing