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Long barrow 340m north west of Cooks Cottages

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Long barrow 340m north west of Cooks Cottages

List entry Number: 1016632

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: South Oxfordshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Warborough

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 02-Jul-1999

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31435

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The long barrow 340m north west of Cooks Cottages survives well as buried deposits. Despite reduction of the barrow mound by arable cultivation over the years the ditch will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in which it was built. In addition it is likely that the remains of the mound will protect archaeological and environmental evidence including a buried land surface, which will provide information about the landscape prior to the construction of the barrow.

The presence of another long barrow within 200m enhances the importance of the monument.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Neolithic long barrow orientated east to west situated on level ground 340m north west of Cooks Cottages. The barrow is not visible at ground level, having been largely reduced by ploughing over time, but is visible on aerial photographs as an oval enclosure defined by a single continuous ditch measuring 20m wide and 60m long. The ditch, from which material was quarried to construct the mound, has become infilled over time but both the ditch and the remains of the mound will preserve buried deposits. The barrow was first identified during the course of the Thames Valley Mapping Project undertaken by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. A Romano-British enclosure 180m north of the monument, and another long barrow 220m to the south are the subject of separate schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Interpreted by Ms V Fenner, RCHME APU, Thames Valley National Mapping Project, (1995)
Multiple AP's assessed by RCHME APU, RAF, OS, USAF, Private. All at NMR, 63 vertical and oblique prints (1941-1990),
NMR SU 69 SW 89, NMR, NMR Monument Description, (1993)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10000 SU 69 SW (NMP overlay) Source Date: 1993 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

National Grid Reference: SU 60660 92535

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016632 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Nov-2017 at 02:16:17.

End of official listing