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Two bowl barrows 290m north of Upper House Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two bowl barrows 290m north of Upper House Farm

List entry Number: 1016666

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Shropshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Worthen with Shelve

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 02-Jul-1999

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 32291

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two bowl barrows 290m north of Upper House Farm are well-preserved examples of this class of monument. The barrow mounds will retain evidence for their methods of construction as well as the burials within them. These remains will advance our understanding of Bronze Age society, including the ritual practices and technical abilities of their builders. The accumulated ditch fills will preserve environmental evidence for the activities which took place at the site during the construction of the barrows, and their subsequent use. In addition, the buried ground surface beneath the mounds will preserve evidence of the prehistoric landscape in which the barrows were built. The prominent position of these barrows makes them clearly visible landmarks.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of two adjacent bowl barrows. The barrows are situated on level ground and occupy a prominent position on the top of Rowley Hill, from which there are extensive views of the surrounding countryside. The earthen mound of the larger, southwestern, barrow is about 33m in diameter and survives to a height of 1.2m. The mound of the second barrow, situated to the north east, is smaller with a diameter of about 18m and a height of 0.4m. This smaller barrow is of earth and stone construction. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, approximately 3m wide, surrounds each of the mounds. Material was quarried from these ditches during the construction of the barrows. They have become infilled over the years and now survive as buried features.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SJ 30134 06988

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016666 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 10:41:37.

End of official listing