Two bowl barrows 290m north of Upper House Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016666

Date first listed: 02-Jul-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows 290m north of Upper House Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Shropshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Worthen with Shelve

National Grid Reference: SJ 30134 06988

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two bowl barrows 290m north of Upper House Farm are well-preserved examples of this class of monument. The barrow mounds will retain evidence for their methods of construction as well as the burials within them. These remains will advance our understanding of Bronze Age society, including the ritual practices and technical abilities of their builders. The accumulated ditch fills will preserve environmental evidence for the activities which took place at the site during the construction of the barrows, and their subsequent use. In addition, the buried ground surface beneath the mounds will preserve evidence of the prehistoric landscape in which the barrows were built. The prominent position of these barrows makes them clearly visible landmarks.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of two adjacent bowl barrows. The barrows are situated on level ground and occupy a prominent position on the top of Rowley Hill, from which there are extensive views of the surrounding countryside. The earthen mound of the larger, southwestern, barrow is about 33m in diameter and survives to a height of 1.2m. The mound of the second barrow, situated to the north east, is smaller with a diameter of about 18m and a height of 0.4m. This smaller barrow is of earth and stone construction. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, approximately 3m wide, surrounds each of the mounds. Material was quarried from these ditches during the construction of the barrows. They have become infilled over the years and now survive as buried features.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32291

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing