Bowl barrow to the north of Long Bottom, 1.6km north east of Hammersmith

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016673

Date first listed: 09-Oct-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 16-Apr-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow to the north of Long Bottom, 1.6km north east of Hammersmith
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016673 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 18-Oct-2018 at 21:48:45.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Boyton

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Heytesbury

National Grid Reference: ST 91835 38564

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been spread by ploughing, the bowl barrow to the north of Long Bottom, 1.6km north east of Hammersmith, will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated 1.6km north east of Hammersmith at the top of a south facing slope commanding views over Long Bottom, a dry valley in the chalk landscape to the south of the Wylye Valley. The barrow includes a mound 0.5m high constructed from chalk rubble. It is ovoid in shape measuring 7m from east to west and 10m from north to south and is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. This has become infilled over the years and survives as a buried feature 3m wide. The barrow is one of a pair of round barrows at this location surrounded on all sides by a late prehistoric field system. There is now no trace of the second barrow, even on aerial photographs, it and the field system having been levelled by cultivation. These features are not included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31671

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire, (1957), 161

End of official listing