Bowl barrow 60m south east of Petton parish church

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016826

Date first listed: 07-Jun-1971

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Jul-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 60m south east of Petton parish church
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Shropshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Petton

National Grid Reference: SJ 44095 26242

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite later intrusions the bowl barrow 60m south east of Petton parish church is a well-preserved example of this class of monument. The barrow mound will retain evidence for its method of construction as well as the burial or burials within it. These remains will advance our understanding of Bronze Age society, including the ritual practices and technical abilites of these people. The accumulated ditch fills will preserve environmental evidence for the activities which took place at the site during the construction of the barrow, and its subsequent use. In addition the buried ground surface beneath the mound will preserve evidence for the prehistoric landscape in which the barrow was built. The monument now occupies a prominent position in the landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a Bronze Age bowl barrow, situated on a gentle east facing slope with the ground also falling away to the south east. From this location there are extensive views of the surrounding countryside. Approximately 300m north east of the barrow is a moated site which is the subject of a separate scheduling. The barrow mound is constructed of sand and gravel. It is about 23m in diameter and survives to a height of 2m. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument, surrounds part of the mound. This has become infilled over the years and survives as a buried feature, approximately 3m wide. Next to the barrow on its southern side there is an ice house, which is Listed Grade II. This structure has cut through the ditch surrounding the barrow mound on this side and is not included in the scheduling. A former sand and gravel quarry, immediately to the east of the barrow and the ice house, has also truncated the ditch surrounding the barrow mound and this area is also not included in the scheduling, although the quarry face is included. The fence separating the monument from the quarry is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32299

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing