A round cairn on White Ridge lying 570m north of the source of Stannon Brook


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016851

Date first listed: 19-Mar-1999


Ordnance survey map of A round cairn on White Ridge lying 570m north of the source of Stannon Brook
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Dartmoor Forest

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 65026 82180


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south- western Britain.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the round cairn on White Ridge lying 570m north of the source of Stannon Brook survives well and forms an outlying part of a notable ritual area centred around the stone circles known as The Grey Wethers. Archaeological and related environmental information survives within this monument. In broader terms the monument also provides a valuable insight into Bronze Age funerary and ritual activity as well as providing information concerning territorial control on the Moor.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a round cairn lying on the summit of White Ridge situated within Great Stannon Newtake. The cairn lies in a very prominent position and commands extensive views over much of Dartmoor. The mound measures 15.8m in diameter and stands up to 0.7m high. A number of edge set stones on the southern edge of the mound may represent a kerb, which survives elsewhere as a buried feature. Three pits in the mound suggest robbing or partial early excavation.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28692

Legacy System: RSM


Title: Duchy Farms Report - Great Stannon Newtake Source Date: 1990 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: 1:10,000 Map

End of official listing