Bowl barrow, known as New Seal Wood barrow, 70m north east of Clements Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016871

Date first listed: 19-Aug-1948

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Jul-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow, known as New Seal Wood barrow, 70m north east of Clements Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Stroud (District Authority)

Parish: Miserden

National Grid Reference: SO 92792 10361

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The barrow 70m north east of Clements Farm survives well, despite limited disturbance from unrecorded excavation, with a prominent mound. The mound will contain evidence for primary and secondary burials, along with grave goods, which will provide information about prehistoric funerary practices and the local community at that time. The mound will also preserve environmental information in the buried original ground surface, providing evidence for the landscape at the time of the barrows construction. In addition, the mound and its surrounding ditch will contain environmental evidence in the form of organic remains, which will relate both to the barrow and the wider landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow known as New Seal Wood barrow on the crest of a hill in the Cotswolds. The barrow mound measures 24m in diameter and is 4m high on the north side and 2.5m high on the south. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was excavated for the construction of the barrow. The ditch is no longer visible at ground level, but will survive as a buried feature about 3m wide. There is a large depression in the top of the mound which is thought to be the result of unrecorded excavations in the past.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32355

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. LXXIX, (1960), 125

End of official listing