Bowl barrow on Lammas Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016885

Date first listed: 11-Feb-1958

Date of most recent amendment: 16-Apr-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Lammas Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Warwickshire

District: Rugby (District Authority)

Parish: Wolston

National Grid Reference: SP 41850 75194

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow on Lammas Hill survives well despite some disturbance and is believed to include both primary and secondary burials and associated artefacts. These will provide information about the dietary habits, diseases and standards of living of the local population. Artefactual evidence will also provide evidence for social status as well as ritual and funerary practices. The ditches and barrow mound preserve buried ground surfaces which will provide information about the landscape, environment and climate in the vicinity at the time of the barrow's construction and use.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of the bowl barrow on Lammas Hill, located in a prominent position on rising ground above the village of Wolston. The barrow mound is irregular with evidence of disturbance on the south west side and a slightly dished summit. It stands to a height of 2m to 2.5m, with a diameter of approximately 18m. Although no longer easily visible at ground level, a slight depression at the base of the mound represents the ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This became partly infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature approximately 5m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 30062

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
various SMR officers, Various unpublished notes in SMR, WA3139

End of official listing