Unenclosed hut circle settlement on Waupley Moor, 800m south west of Clay Hall Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016928

Date first listed: 19-Mar-1999


Ordnance survey map of Unenclosed hut circle settlement on Waupley Moor, 800m south west of Clay Hall Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Redcar and Cleveland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Loftus


National Grid Reference: NZ 72931 11778


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The North York Moors is an area which has an abundance of prehistoric remains, particularly within moorland landscapes where they have not been disturbed by more recent agricultural activity. These provide evidence for the widespread exploitation of these uplands throughout prehistory. Many remains date from the Bronze Age (c. 2000-700 BC) and relate to diverse activities, funerary and ritual practice, as well as agriculture and settlement. For the first millennium BC the range of evidence is more restricted. Settlement at this time was concentrated in the lowland areas surrounding the moors, although some settlement was located on the periphery and in the valleys. These late prehistoric settlement sites on the higher ground are of two types: those consisting of a small number of unenclosed hut circles and those found within small square or sub-rectangular enclosures. Hut circle settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers. The hut circles take a variety of forms. Some are stone based and are visible as low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area. Others were timber constructions and only the shallow groove in which the timber uprights used in the wall construction stood can now be identified; this may survive as a slight earthwork feature or may be visible on aerial photographs. Some can only be identified by the artificial earthwork platforms created as level stances for the houses. The number of houses in a settlement varies between one and twelve. In areas where they were constructed on hillslopes the platforms on which the houses stood are commonly arrayed in tiers along the contour of the slope. Several settlements have been shown to be associated with organised field plots, the fields being defined by low stony banks or indicated by groups of clearance cairns. Some unenclosed settlements are thought to date from the Bronze Age, but excavation suggests that there are also some which were occupied during the Iron Age to the Romano-British period (c.700 BC-AD 400). These settlements provide an important complement to the various types of enclosed and defended settlements which were being constructed and used around the same time. The longevity of use of hut circle settlements and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. This hut circle settlement on Waupley Moor, 800m south west of Clay Hall Farm is in a good state of preservation. The archaeological deposits survive intact and significant information about the date and form of construction will be preserved. Important evidence for the nature and duration of the occupation will survive within the internal floor area. Evidence for earlier land use and the contemporary environment and economy will also survive beneath the bank and within the ditch. The settlement is situated in an area which includes other late prehistoric settlements as well as earlier monuments. Monument groupings such as these offer important scope for the study of the distribution and development through time of prehistoric activity across the landscape.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes an unenclosed hut circle settlement situated on level moorland on the north edge of the North York Moors. The settlement has a single hut circle visible as a horse shoe shaped earthen bank surrounding an area 9.6m by 5.4m orientated north west to south east. The bank is 1.3m wide and stands up to 0.3m high, with a break 5m across at the north west end. The bank is surrounded by a ditch 1m wide and up to 0.3m deep. The settlement lies in an area rich in prehistoric monuments, including ritual and funerary monuments as well as other late prehistoric settlement sites.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32016

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)

End of official listing