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Bowl barrow known as The Soldier's Grave, 380m south east of Hill Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow known as The Soldier's Grave, 380m south east of Hill Farm

List entry Number: 1017036

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Stroud

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Frocester

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 13-Oct-1999

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 32367

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow known as The Soldier's Grave survives well, despite partial excavation in the past and lies within an area of significant prehistoric activity, with a long barrow 200m to the south and a second about 500m to the east. The mound will contain evidence of burials, which will provide information about prehistoric funerary practices and about the size of the local community at that time. The barrow mound will also preserve environmental information in the buried original ground surface, predating the construction of the monument and giving an insight into the landscape in which the monument was set. In addition the mound and its surrounding ditch will contain environmental evidence in the form of organic remains, which will relate both to the barrow and the wider landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated below the crest of a north west facing hill in the Cotswolds, 380m south east of Hill Farm. The barrow mound measures 24m in diameter and is about 3m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was excavated during the construction of the barrow. This is no longer visible at ground level but survives as a buried feature about 3m wide. There is a large depression in the centre of the barrow mound, about 4.5m across and 1.5m deep, which is thought to be the result of an unrecorded excavation in the past. When the barrow was partially excavated by H Clifford in 1937, it was found to have been opened previously and the centre disturbed. The mound was found to have been constructed entirely of freestone, without the use of soil, and below it, in the centre was a rock-cut boat- shaped tomb, lined with dry stone walling and presumed to have originally been covered with stone slabs. The remains of between 28 and 44 individuals were found in the tomb, and the bones of an adult male had been incorporated into the mound itself. Pottery found in the tomb and mound has been dated to the Early Bronze Age, although the burial rites are Neolithic in character. It is thought that the barrow therefore dates to a transitional period between the burial rituals of the Neolithic and Bronze Ages. The fence which runs immediately to the east of the barrow is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Clifford, E M, 'PPS New Series' in The Soldier's Grave, Frocester, Gloucestershire, , Vol. 4, (1938), 214-216
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. LXXIX, (1960), 98

National Grid Reference: SO 79376 01533

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017036 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 12:20:58.

End of official listing