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Moated site and fishpond at Urrist Barn, 220m south west of Yew Tree Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site and fishpond at Urrist Barn, 220m south west of Yew Tree Farm

List entry Number: 1017039

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Tewkesbury

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Badgeworth

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 13-Oct-1999

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 32370

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Fishponds were of considerable importance in the medieval period as they provided a good source of protein during the winter months when fresh meat was scarce. They are usually associated with manorial, monastic or royal residences and provide an insight into the social standing of its associated building. Although somewhat disturbed by agriculture, the moated site at Urrist Barn survives well and is largely unencumbered by later structures. Buried deposits on the island will include the remains of medieval structures and will contain archaeological information relating to the construction and subsequent occupation and use of the moated site. The fishpond to the west of the moat also survives well and will provide important information about the status and economy of the moated site. Within the moat and fishpond, waterlogged deposits will preserve archaeological remains relating to the occupation and use of the site, along with organic material which will provide information about the economy of the site and the local landscape in which the monument was set.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a moated site with an associated fishpond and other earthworks, 220m south west of Yew Tree Farm. The moat is four-armed, enclosing an island which measures 22m by 20m orientated north-south, which lies at the same level as the surrounding field. The moat is 6m wide at its widest point and is visible as an earthwork up to 0.4m deep. An external bank, about 0.6m high and 9m wide, runs alongside the west arm of the moat. A causeway, about 7m wide, providing access to the island is visible on the eastern arm. To the south of the moat are a series of slight earthworks which mark the location of a fishpond, measuring about 72m east to west and up to 12m wide. There are also a series of water management features, including two leats, which ran into Norman's Brook to the south of the site. At the south west corner of the moat is a large mound, measuring about 14m in diameter, the function of which is unclear, but which is thought to have been associated with the moated site. The ruins of the 19th century barn, known as Urrist Barn, which lies to the east of the moat, and the fence which runs alongside the road to the east of the site are both excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Other
Pencol, London,
Pencol, London, (1983)

National Grid Reference: SO 91553 17172

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017039 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 05:06:38.

End of official listing