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Bowl barrow 690m south west of Roel Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 690m south west of Roel Farm

List entry Number: 1017076

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Tewkesbury

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Hawling

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 09-Oct-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Oct-1999

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 32378

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 690m south west of Roel Farm survives well, despite some disturbance in the past. The mound will contain evidence for primary and secondary burials, along with grave goods, which will provide information about prehistoric funerary practices and about the size of the local community at that time. The barrow mound will also preserve environmental information in the buried original ground surface, predating the construction of the barrow and giving an insight into the landscape in which the monument was set. In addition the mound and its surrounding ditch will contain environmental evidence in the form of organic remains, which will relate both to the barrow and the wider landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located just below the crest of a hill in the Cotswolds, 690m south west of Roel Farm. The barrow mound measures 30m in diameter and is 1.3m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was excavated during the construction of the barrow. The ditch is no longer visible at ground level, having become infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature about 3m wide. The mound was opened by quarrymen in 1931 and found to contain the remains of a stone cist, formed from two upright stone slabs and a collapsed cover slab. In 1994 the mound was the subject of a resistivity survey by Dr Marshall. This revealed a circular area, about 18m-20m in diameter, of higher resistivity, which did not contain any detectible structures.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Marshall, A, Resistivity Survey Over Selected Round Barrows, (1994)
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. LXXIX, (1960), 117

National Grid Reference: SP 06991 24290

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017076 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 15-Dec-2017 at 04:05:34.

End of official listing