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Bowl barrow, known as Woodchester Beaker barrow, 430m west of Longwood Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow, known as Woodchester Beaker barrow, 430m west of Longwood Farm

List entry Number: 1017078

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Stroud

District Type: District Authority

Parish: King's Stanley

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 14-Feb-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 25-Nov-1999

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 32380

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the mound of Woodchester Beaker barrow has been partially excavated, it will still contain evidence for primary and secondary burials, along with grave goods, which will provide information about prehistoric funerary practices and about the size of the local community at that time. The barrow mound will also preserve environmental information in the buried original ground surface, predating the construction of the barrow and giving an insight into the landscape in which the monument was set. In addition the mound and its surrounding ditch will contain environmental evidence, in the form of organic remains, which will relate both to the barrow and the wider landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow on the southern slope of a north facing ridge in the Cotswolds. The barrow mound measures about 25m in diameter and is up to 0.4m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was excavated during the construction of the barrow. The ditch is no longer visible at ground level, having become infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature about 3m wide. In 1920 it was recorded that the barrow mound was about 23m in diameter and 1.83m high. In 1929 the mound was disturbed by workmen looking for road building material. At this time an almost complete Bronze Age beaker and human bones were found in the mound. The barrow was partially excavated by E M Clifford in 1949. Four pits thought to date from the construction of the barrow were found, along with a fifth pit 4m long and 1.1m wide, which contained human or animal bones, and which has been described as a Roman grave. Above this grave was a coin of Valens (AD 364-378), and in disturbed levels nearby were a number of potsherds of third and fourth century date. Clifford speculated that the area had first been cleared, and the four pits dug into the underlying rock. These were then filled in with burnt material and a layer of earth was spread over the area onto which a stone chamber, measuring about 14.6m in diameter and at least 1.3m high was built. This cairn was then covered with an earthen mound. The dry stone boundary wall which runs north west-south east across the mound is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Clifford, E M, 'Trans. of the Bristol and Glos. Arch. Society' in Ivy Lodge Round Cairn, Woodchester, , Vol. LXIX, (1950), 59-77
Falconer, J P E, 'Trans. of the Bristol and Glos. Arch. Society' in A Bronze Age Round Barrow, Woodchester, , Vol. LII, (1930), 309
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. LXXIX, (1960), 120

National Grid Reference: SO 81093 01982

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017078 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 01:44:58.

End of official listing