Two bowl barrows 200m north east of Newland Cross


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017131

Date first listed: 29-Oct-1999


Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows 200m north east of Newland Cross
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This copy shows the entry on 11-Dec-2018 at 15:26:38.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: North Tawton

National Grid Reference: SS 65861 00571


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two bowl barrows 200m north east of Newland Cross survive comparatively well and despite reduction in their heights through cultivation. Buried remains are known to survive well, relating to the construction and use of the monument and the nature of the surrounding landscape in the Neolithic to Bronze Age period.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


This monument includes two bowl barrows situated on the floodplain of the River Taw approximately 80m north of a long established natural ford, spanned by a bridge. The barrows survive as two oval mounds with their long axes aligned east to west. The northern mound measures 40.2m long, 32.5m wide, and is up to 0.9m high. The southern mound measures 38.5m long, 30.5m wide, and is up to 1m high. The mounds are each surrounded by a buried quarry ditch from which material was taken for their construction; these are approximately 3m wide. A geophysical survey has revealed pits and circular features in both barrow mounds and in their ditches, and the presence of probable kerb stones has been encountered during ploughing.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32228

Legacy System: RSM


Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS60SE77, (1996)

End of official listing