Two bowl barrows on Stoke Down 650m south west of Foxhole Cottage

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017169

Date first listed: 29-Apr-1955

Date of most recent amendment: 14-Mar-2000

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows on Stoke Down 650m south west of Foxhole Cottage
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Broad Chalke

National Grid Reference: SU 05829 27557

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite disturbance to one of the barrow mounds, the two bowl barrows on Stoke Down 650m south west of Foxhole Cottage are well preserved examples of their class and will contain archaeological deposits containing information about later prehistoric burial practices, society and environment.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two Late Neolithic to Bronze Age bowl barrows on Stoke Down. The barrows, which are aligned north-south, lie on the crest of an east facing slope above a small valley. The southern barrow has a mound 11m in diameter and a maximum of 1.25m high on its western, downhill side, surrounded by a 2m wide ditch from which material for its construction was quarried. Traces of this ditch are visible on the eastern side of the mound. The adjacent, northern, barrow has a mound 10m in diameter and a maximum of 1.1m high, on the top of which is a slight depression suggesting an unrecorded but limited excavation. The mound is surrounded by a quarry ditch which is no longer visible on the surface but which will survive as a buried feature about 2m wide. All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 26829

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing