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Moated site and associated water management features 150m north of The Gadlas

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site and associated water management features 150m north of The Gadlas

List entry Number: 1017241

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Shropshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Ellesmere Rural

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 14-Jun-1974

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Jul-2000

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 32320

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site and associated water management features 150m north of The Gadlas is a well preserved example of this class of monument. The moated island will retain structural and artefactual evidence of the buildings that once stood on the site, which together with the artefacts and organic remains existing in the moat will provide valuable evidence about the occupation and social status of the inhabitants. Organic remains surviving in the buried ground surfaces under the external banks, and within the moat, will also provide information about the changes to the local environment and use of the land before and after the moated site was constructed. The juxtaposition of the moated site to the former stream course and the connecting channel gives an indication of how the water supply to the moated site was controlled.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a medieval moated site and associated water management features situated in an area of gently undulating land. The moat, which retains a little water, defines a rectangular island approximately 38m north west-south east and 58m south west-north east. The arms of the moat are between 12m and 16m wide, and are surrounded on all sides by external banks created from the material excavated from the moat. These banks are between 13m and 20m wide and have been spread and reduced in height by ploughing. Access onto the island is via a causeway which crosses the south eastern moat arm near its mid-point. A circular depression 7m in diameter in the northern half of the island indicates the position of a former well. A series of later cultivation remains cross the island and are aligned north west-south east. Immediately to the east of the moated site are the remains of a former stream course, which has been drained and which provided water to the moat. A channel at the north eastern corner of the moated site connected the stream course with the moat. The channel and part of the stream course are included in the scheduling in order to preserve their relationship with the moated site. All hedges, fences and gates are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SJ 37241 37160

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 03:08:37.

End of official listing