Late prehistoric enclosed settlement on Oldfield Hill, 340m west of Wentworth Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017272

Date first listed: 21-Oct-1977

Date of most recent amendment: 14-Dec-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Late prehistoric enclosed settlement on Oldfield Hill, 340m west of Wentworth Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Kirklees (Metropolitan Authority)

Parish: Meltham

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

National Grid Reference: SE 08745 10097

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The Pennine uplands of northern England contain a wide variety of prehistoric remains, including cairns, enclosures, carved rocks, settlements and field systems. These are evidence of the widespread exploitation of these uplands throughout later prehistory. During the last millennium BC a variety of different types of enclosed settlements developed. These include hillforts, which have substantial earthworks and are usually located on hilltops. Other types of enclosed settlement of this period are less obviously defensive, as they have less substantial earthworks and are usually in less prominent positions. In the Pennines a number of late prehistoric enclosed settlements survive as upstanding monuments. Where upstanding earthworks survive, the settlements are between 0.4ha and 10ha in area, and are usually located on ridges or hillside terraces. The enclosing earthworks are usually slight, most consisting of a ditch with an internal bank, or with an internal and external bank, but examples with an internal ditch and with no ditch are known. They are sub-circular, sub-rectangular, or oval in shape. Few of these enclosed settlements have been subject to systematic excavation, but they are thought to date from between the Late Bronze Age to the Romano-British period (c.1000 BC-AD 400). Examples which have been excavated have presented evidence of settlement. Some appear to have developed from earlier palisaded enclosures. Unexcavated examples occasionally have levelled areas which may have contained buildings, but a proportion may have functioned primarily as stock enclosures. Enclosed settlements are a distinctive feature of the late prehistory of the Pennine uplands, and are important in illustrating the variety of enclosed settlement types which developed in many areas of Britain at this time. Examples where a substantial proportion of the enclosed settlement survives are considered to be nationally important.

The late prehistoric enclosed settlement 340m west of Wentworth Farm survives well. It is one of two similar enclosed settlements on the south side of Meltham. It contributes to the understanding of late prehistoric settlement and land use in northern England.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a `D'-shaped late prehistoric enclosed settlement. It is situated on Oldfield Hill, 340m west of Wentworth Farm. The enclosure is approximately 80m by 85m in overall size. It has an earth and stone bank about 9m wide and 0.8m high, with an internal ditch on all but the south east side. On this side, the bank runs along the top of a steep scarp. The site was first excavated by I A Richmond in 1923 who found a double gateway and causeway on the north east side. Subsequent excavations in 1960-1 revealed two possible occupation phases. The surface of the track at the west corner of the enclosure and the fence bordering the track on the south west side of the enclosure are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31494

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
'Huddersfield Archaeological Society' in Huddersfield Archaeological Society Bulletin 1960 1961 1962, (1960)
Richmond, I A, 'Yorkshire Archaeological Journal' in Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, , Vol. XXVII, (1924)

End of official listing