Bowl barrow on Burleston Down 840m south east of Crawthorne Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017278

Date first listed: 17-Jul-1961

Date of most recent amendment: 17-May-2000

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Burleston Down 840m south east of Crawthorne Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: West Dorset (District Authority)

Parish: Burleston

National Grid Reference: SY 77842 95993

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite being reduced in height by ploughing, the bowl barrow on Burleston Down 840m south east of Crawthorne Farm will include archaeological deposits containing evidence about Late Neolithic to Bronze Age burial practices, society and the contemporary environment.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow lying on the crest of a steep north facing slope on Burleston Down, 840m south east of Crawthorne Farm. The barrow has been reduced in height by ploughing and is visible on the surface as a slight rise on the ground surface. In 1952 the Ordnance Survey recorded the barrow as having a mound 20m in diameter and 0.5m high. The quarry ditch surrounding the mound from which material was derived for its construction has become infilled over the years, but will survive as a buried feature about 3m wide. The barrow lies within an extensive area of later prehistoric field system which has been reduced in height by ploughing and is no longer visible on the surface. The field system is not included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 33534

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing